How does the child’s foot form?

The correct formation of the child’s foot is very important, so don’t underestimate this process. Indeed, in the human musculoskeletal system, the foot has several important functions: support, shock-absorbing, walking, and balance maintenance.


The foot as an organ has a complex anatomical structure, it includes 26 bones, 42 muscles, and many ligaments. Connecting, the anatomical elements of the foot form two arches, which are called the arches of the foot: longitudinal (along the inner edge of the foot) and transverse (between the bases of the toes). Due to the presence of these arches, there are three main points of support that the foot has: the heel bone and the bases of the 1st and 5th toes.

How does the foot grow?

A newborn has feet that are approximately 7.5 centimeters long, but small feet grow rather quickly. In the second and third years of life, the child's feet grow by 2-3 sizes per year. Even at school age, the foot can grow 1-2 sizes per year. The growth of the foot is usually completed only in adolescence. At the same time, the feet of girls stop growing between 11 and 14 years old, while boys’ feet keep on growing until the age of 18. Such active growth of the foot is predetermined by the anatomical and functional state of the feet.