Top-5 common children’s orthopedic diseases

Unfortunately, nowadays children face many health problems since they are just born. Orthopedics diseases are in the list of the most common children’s abnormalities. Poor ecology, junk food, bad habits: all these factors contribute to the development of some orthopedic diseases of children even in utero. What are the top-5 common children’s orthopedic diseases? Keep on reading to find them all out!
 1. Flat feet is a change in the foot shape when the entire foot surface touches the floor. In the case of flat feet, a child often has overload pains in feet, legs, and knee joints during long walks, while standing, and after playing sports.
  2. Club foot is a congenital pathology of the bones and soft tissues of the baby's feet, which develops in utero. This pathology can be detected by ultrasound of the expectant mother, at a period of 8-12 weeks of pregnancy. Congenital clubfoot is successfully treated immediately after the baby’s birth, otherwise, it can lead to physical disability.
  3. Congenital dislocation or subluxation of the hip (hip dysplasia) is one of the most common foot deformities that newborns have. This disease mainly has a genetic predisposition. Dysplasia of the hip joint can be either without irregular centering in the hip joint, or be accompanied by congenital dislocation of the hip, pre-dislocation, or subluxation in the hip joint.
  4. Deformities of the lower limbs are a congenital or acquired pathological condition in which there are changes in the length, shape, axis of the limbs (legs). You can notice such deviations if you pay attention to the child’s shoes and gait.
  5. Flat feet is a change in the anatomically correct proportions of the foot arch bones, which affect the biomechanics of walking. The disease creates constant discomfort, difficulties while walking and changes in gait.