Every day each of us makes tens of thousands of steps. When walking on asphalt, the shock load on the feet (1g = 9.8 m / sec2) is equivalent to the acceleration of the starting ship. Due to the foot arch, trained foot damps down the shock wave from inching movements by 70%. If there are any abnormalities of the spring function, it adversely affects the ligamentous-articular apparatus and the spine.
By reaching the age of 2 years, 23% of children already have progressing flat feet. 40% of 6-year-old children have this problem as well. The orthopedist submits a medical report about the deformation of the arches to every second child in growing age. When the skeleton is ossified, the problem only becomes worse, as there is a scoliosis development, thus, knees and joints of the lower body suffer.  In order to prevent flat feet, orthopedists recommend that children under 6 years wear special sneakers and boots that stabilize their feet.
 Why do children need orthopedic shoes?
Planovalgus curvature is not only a children’s problem. Although this common problem requires a comprehensive treatment approach, one has to obligatory wear anti-valgus boots. Their particular characteristic is the construction of the last, special insoles, the presence of side quarters, and hard inserts that securely fix the talocalcaneal joint. Different heel lengths on both sides prevent the feet from turning outwards. This compensates for the load on the ankle and protects against foot deformation.
Similar models are usually worn for a corrective effect in cases of developing flat feet, in order to strengthen ligaments, correct the foot bones, and form a right movement pattern.  
Orthopedic shoes are useful in the following cases:
 • after different ankle surgeries;
 • Achilles’ tendon injuries;
 • prominent heel;
 • pathologies of the musculoskeletal system (herniae, osteochondrosis);
 • Morton’s neuroma;
 • Gout;
 • Systematic leg pains.
For whom are such shoes suitable?
Women are more likely to suffer from foot deformities. Uncomfortable last and high heels damage the transverse arch of the foot. That's why nowadays high-comfort shoes become quite a trend. Special insoles follow the foot shape. They keep the arch of the foot in the right position. This reduces discomfort and relieves load from the joints and spinal column.
 For their manufacture, manufacturers use:
 • thin polyurethane and leather soles;
 • soft insoles made of cork with antibacterial properties;
 • latex, suede, leather for the upper part of the shoe.
Adult footwear product lines are quite diverse. In collections, one can find options with both low and high heels. It’s very easy to choose an option with a trendy design for winter and summer. The special shoe shape makes it easier for pregnant and obese people to walk, it protects the joints of the elderly from overexertion.
Comfortable shoes and boots are recommended to be worn by people whose activities are fraught with major loads. Orthopedic sneakers help people even with poorly developed muscles to practice sports. 
80% of patients with diabetes face the problem of blisters and ulcers. In order to meet their needs, there are some seamless models with a large fullness. Such shoe models have special covers in the toe and heel area. For preventive purposes, one shouldn’t neglect exercises with a roller, balls, massage rug and at least use corrective insoles.